Country Profile: Islamic Republic of Iran

 

   
 

Demographic indicators

 

Year

 

Area (in square kilometers)

1648195

2015

 

Total population

78773000

2015

 

Urban population out of total population (%)

73%

2015

 

Population growth rate (%)

1.3%

2011

 

Life expectancy at birth (years)

75.5

2015

 

Adult literacy rate (%)

96

2011

 

Gross primary school enrolment ratio - total (%)

99

2015

 

Total fertility rate per woman

1.9

2013

 

Adolescent fertility (15-19 years)

37.7

2015

   
 

Socioeconomic indicators

%

Year

 

Biological

 

 

 

Low birth weight among newborns

7.0

2014

 

Exclusive breastfeeding 05 months of age

23

2014

 

Raised blood glucose, adults (18+ years)g

12.2

2014

 

Raised blood pressure, adults (18+ years)g

20.4

2014

 

Nutritional

 

 

 

Children under 5 who are stunted

6.8

2013

 

Children under 5 who are wasted

3.0

2013

 

Children under 5 who are overweight

11.8

2013

 

Children under 5 who are Obese

15.0

2013

 

Adults (18 years and more) who are overweight

62.3

2013

 

Adults (18 years and more) who are obese

26.1

2013

 

Behavioural

 

 

 

Insufficient physical activity (18+ years)

33.5

2010

 

Tobacco use ( 13-15 years)

5.9

2012

 

Tobacco use (15+ years)

11.7

2014

 

Environmental

 

 

 

Access to improved drinking water

96

2015

 

Access to improved sanitation facilities

90

2015

   
 

Health status (mortality)

 

Year

 

Mortality rate per 1000 live births, UN-IGME 2015 estimates

 

 

 

Neonatal

10

2015

 

Infant

13

2015

 

Under-5

16

2015

 

Per 100 000 live births, UN-MMEIG 2015 estimate

 

 

 

Maternal mortality ratio

25

2015

 

Age-standardized mortality rates by major cause, Per 100 000 population

 

 

 

Communicable diseases

56

2015

 

Noncommunicable diseases

569

2012

 

Injuries

75

2012

 

Mortality between age 30 and exact age 70 from cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, 2012

17

2012

 

Mortality rate from road traffic injuries, Per 100 000 population

 

 

 

Reported

21.1

2014

 

WHO estimate

32.1

2013

   
 

Health status (morbidity, 2015)

Rate per 100000 population

Year

 

Cancer (all types) incident

127.7

2012

 

Tuberculosis (Case notification)

13

2014

 

HIV (estimated number of new infections)

7100

2014

 

HIV (number of newly reported cases)

1688

2014

 

Malaria  (total number of reported cases)

797

2014

 

Measles (per 1 000 000 population) incidence

8.2

2014

   
 

Health financing

 

Year

 

Per capita total expenditure on health (US$ exchange rate)

351

 

 

Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of total health expenditure

47.8%

2014

 

General government expenditure on health as % of general government expenditure

17.5%

2014

 

Population with catastrophic health expenditure

2.4%

2014

 

Population impoverished due to out-of-pocket health expenditure

0.8%

2014

   
 

Health workforce

 

Year

 

Personnel per 10 000 population

 

 

 

Physicians

15.1

2014

 

Nursing and midwifery

15.7

2014

 

Dentists

3.6

2014

 

Pharmacists

2.3

2014

 

Registered recent graduates of health profession educational institutions per 100 000 population

 

 

 

Physicians

4.6

2015

 

Nursing and midwifery

16.3

2015

 

Dentists

1.4

2015

 

Pharmacists

1.1

2015

   
 

Service delivery

 

Year

 

Availability of selected essential medicines in public and private health facilities

 

 

 

Public

96.7%

2013

 

Private

96.7%

2013

 

Density per million population of selected medical devices in public and private health facilities

 

 

 

Computed Tomography

 

 

 

Radiotherapy

0.9

 

 

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

 

 

 

Mammographs

 

 

 

Digital Subtraction Angiography

 

 

 

Lithotriptors

 

 

 

Primary health care facilities (per 10 000 population)

2.8

1394

 

Hospital beds (per 10 000 population)

15

1394

   
 

Coverage of selected interventions

%

Year

 

Demand for family planning satisfied with modern methods (UN Population Division estimate)

91.1

2015

 
  • Antenatal care coverage (1+ visits)

89.0

2010

 
  • Antenatal care coverage (4+ visits)

88.6

2010

 

Skilled birth attendance

94.0

2010

 

DTP3-containing vaccine/pentavalent coverage among children under 1 year

98.0

2013

 

Measles immunization coverage

99.0

2013

 

Coverage of service for severe mental health disorders

99.2

2012

 

Tuberculosis treatment success rate of new bacteriologically confirmed cases

87.0

2014

 

Suspected malaria cases that have had a diagnostic test

100

2015

 

Percentage of population sleeping under insecticide-treated nets

56.5

2014

 

Adults and children currently receiving ARV therapy among all adults and children living with HIV

9.0

2015

 

Key populations at higher risk who have received an HIV test in the past 12 months and know their results

 27.6

2013